Johor Bahru, sometimes also spelled as Johor Baharu or Johor Baru is one of the few metropolitan areas in Malaysia and the capital of the state of Johor. Johor is Malaysia's second largest city and a the center of tourism, industry and trade located in the southern tip of the Malay peninsula. Tourism is one of Johor Bahru main industries with many tourists coming from nearby Singapore. Johor offers many shopping centers and several historic buildings and good museums.
On the current location used to be a Malay fishermen village, Tanjung Puteri founded by Tumenggung Daeng Ibrahim in 1855. Tumenggung Daeng Ibrahim was the father of Sultan Abu Bakar Daeng Ibrahim who later moved the capital of his empire from Teluk Belanga in Singapore to this region. The name Tanjung Puteri was later changed to Johor Bahru. Recently Johor Bahru has undergone rapid development and on January 1, 1994 Johor Bahru become officially a city.
There are several museums and temples you can visit. For some history head out to the Sultan Abu Bakar Royal Palace Museum, while if you are maybe interested in pineapples you can visit Johor Pineapple Museum where you will find about eighteen kinds of pineapple grown in the area around the museum.
A more interesting place to visit is probably the Arulmigu Sri Rajakaliamman Hindu Temple, made completely out of glass.
Johor Bahru has several theme parks, of which the new Legoland Malaysia is one of the most interesting. Hiking or even camping can be done in Tanjung Piai Johor State Park with many protected and rare flora and fauna. At the Johor Ostrich Farm you can see and learn the uniqueness of ostrich in close range. The beautiful Kota Tinggi Waterfalls, located at the foot of Mount Muntahak, is a popular destination as well.
Nasi Lemak is still the most preferred food in this city. The materials used are still the same, the difference is just that it taste a little different from those in other regions. Besides Nasi Lemak, another favorite dish is Botok-botok made of fish with potato leaves, basil and various spices and then steamed. There is also Nasi Dagang, glutinous rice cooked in coconut milk and served with fish curry and coconut sauce plus pickled cucumbers.
Johor Bahru is served by the Senai International Airport.
Senai International Airport or Sultan Ismail International Airport is the airport serving Johor Bahru, close to the border with Singapore. It is mostly a domestic airport with few international flights although there are plans to increase this dramatically and to attract more people from Singapore.
Buses to the City Lounge at the Kota Raya bus station leave in front of the terminal. At the City Lounge you can take a bus to the city or to Singapore. But to clear immigration at the Malaysia-Singapore border you would need to get out of the bus with all your baggage twice. Otherwise, flying to Johor Baru is a very cheap and convenient way to visit Singapore.